Australia takes a collaborative approach in responding to maritime environmental emergencies like oil spills and container losses from shipping. This approach is outlined under the National Plan for Maritime Environmental Emergencies, referred to simply as the ‘National Plan’.
The Australian Maritime Safety Authority (AMSA) is responsible for the safe operation and mechanical standards of ships that carry livestock as cargo from Australian ports. These standards are made under the Navigation Act 2012 and contained in Marine Order 43 (Cargo and cargo handling – livestock) 2006.
The Department of Infrastructure, Transport, Regional Development and Communications (DITRDC) authorises licenses for coastal trading in Australian waters. These licenses allow foreign-flagged ships to operate domestic shipping services such as freight or passenger services, in Australian waters under specific conditions and for a fixed time only.